Detailed Accident Report
Submitted By: Doug Fesler, Alaska Mountain Safety Cent
Place: Mount Magnificent, Eagle River area
Summary: 3 snowshoers caught, 2 buried and killed
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Slide buries man, stepson
DEAD: Third snowshoer escapes, seeks help after being buried in foot of snow.
By Paula Dobbyn
Anchorage Daily News
(Published: April 1, 2002)
A sunny walk in the mountains of Eagle River turned deadly on Easter Sunday when an avalanche claimed the lives of two men and their dogs.
Under cloudless skies, Bill Crouse, 44, and his stepson, Don Zimmerman, 26, were snowshoeing above timberline on a flank of Mount Magnificent when a sugary layer of snow beneath them collapsed, triggering a massive slide that buried the pair, said Lt. Chuck Lamica, the Alaska State Troopers' statewide search-and-rescue coordinator.
Doc Crouse, Bill Crouse's brother, was also buried in about a foot of snow but dug himself out and sought help at the family's home on Cates Avenue, a steep road that zigzags into the mountains above Mile 6 of Eagle River Road, Lamica said.
The men had followed the switchbacks to the road's end. They proceeded to snowshoe through chest-high snow on a trail that winds into a bowl carved into the mountainside. They were about halfway across the snowy amphitheater, traveling in a line, when disaster struck, Lamica said.
Avalanche experts had feared that something bad would happen this weekend. A holiday weekend combined with warm weather and unstable snow had rescue workers on edge.
"When it's beautiful, bluebird skies and the snow is just waiting to give . . . I woke up feeling it was going to be a disastrous day," said Tom Crockett, state parks ranger and the on-scene operations chief.
Fifty rescuers responded to the 12:45 p.m. emergency call, including troopers, firefighters, park rangers and members of Alaska Mountain Rescue Group, Crockett said. A trooper helicopter ferried avalanche experts Doug Fesler and Jill Fredston to assess the danger before allowing rescuers in.
Fesler and Fredston asked Doc Crouse to accompany them to point out where his relatives and the two dogs were trapped.
"He was absolutely instrumental in finding the area," the size of about three football fields, Fesler said. Three avalanche rescue dogs detected the victims' location.
Fesler said Crouse told him the avalanche occurred about 10 a.m.
Rescuers on snowmachines attempted to reach the site, but their sleds got bogged down in the heavy, wet snow. Some abandoned their machines and slogged uphill on snowshoes to reach the victims. Others were taken in by helicopter, Lamica said.
Crouse and Zimmerman are the seventh and eighth Alaskans killed by avalanches this winter, Lamica said.
On Thursday, an avalanche near Mile 6.6 of Hiland Road in Eagle River buried a telemark skier for half an hour before his buddy dug him out. The skier, John Stroud, activated an avalanche beacon, enabling his friend to find him. Two dogs accompanying the men perished.
Sunday's avalanche not only buried Crouse and Zimmerman but also triggered a series of three or four other slides in the area, said officials at the command center on Eagle River Road. More avalanches along Eagle River and Hiland roads are expected, Lamica said.
"I wish I could put up a big sign that says Do Not Enter,' " he said.
Several factors contributed to Sunday's fatal slide. Heavy snow had blanketed the steep terrain in recent weeks. Several cold snaps before that, followed by relatively high temperatures, made for dangerously unstable snow. Another factor was the weight of the three men and two dogs walking closely together, pressing down on a sensitive snowpack.
"These guys, unknowingly, walked into a booby trap and pushed the button," Fesler said. People who venture into the mountains this time of year should know the dangers and take precautions, Fredston said. Steps include receiving instruction in avalanche awareness, wearing a beacon, avoiding steep slopes and adding space between people traveling in a group.
"It's possible to go into the mountains and be safe, but it takes knowledge," said Crockett, standing in the sunshine.
Many people lack the skills to read snow accurately because they haven't invested the time in learning it or they miscalculate the conditions. It's tricky stuff, rescuers acknowledge.
"From a layman's point of view, I just wouldn't go out there," said Anchorage Police Lt. Paul Honeman.
Lamica said that as he and his wife drove along Eagle River Road before the deadly avalanche Sunday, they counted several fresh slides in the mountains. Climbing to elevation is fun, but Lamica said he sticks to valleys this time of year.
"There are times when it's safe, but not in late March, early April," he said.
Reporter Paula Dobbyn can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org or 907 257-4317.